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"Phonics is a way of teaching children how to read and write. It helps children hear, identify and use different sounds that distinguish one word from another in the English language.
Written language can be compared to a code, so knowing the sounds of individual letters and how those letters sound when they’re combined will help children decode words as they read.

Understanding phonics will also help children know which letters to use when they are writing words."


National Literacy Trust


  • Phase 1 develops listening and matching skills (aimed at Nursery children)
  • Phase 2 introduces some the first set of sounds and blending (aimed at Reception)
  • Phases 3-5 introduces the remaining sounds (aimed at Reception and KS1).  


We are currently reviewing the schemes available on the DfE's validated list to extend and strengthen our current practice.